DMR is Digital Mobile Radio
An open standard created as defined by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute or ETSI
What you need to know
DMR is broken down into 3 tiers.
In Scanner School Session 55 we discussed Tier I and Tier II. This week we talk Tier III.
DMR Tier III – we will talk about this more next week.
Licensed Trunking Radio
Covers 66Mhz – 960Mhz in the EU Spectrum
Uses two slot TDMA
Offers advanced voice features
Offers Short messaging limited to 128 characters
Also 288bits for data in various formats
Types of DMR Trunking:
There are 3 flavors we are interested in:
Connect Plus, Capacity Plus, and Capacity Max.
Usually shown as Con +, Cap + on scanners.
Can be single Site capacity plus or linked capacity plus with multiple sites
Up to 15 linked sites
Up to 12 repeaters per site. Of these 12, only 8 can be voice & Data. And of these 12, 11 can be data revert. But they can’t be more than 12 repeaters total
Has a rest channel for idle traffic.
The Rest Channel sends out a data burst every x number of seconds, which is programmable for the system.
When a radio requests a channel, the current rest channel becomes the active channel.
All idle radios move to the next rest channel. One the active radios are done, they then move to the new rest channel with the rest of the idle radios.
System will increase rest channels until it gets to the last one, and then falls back to the first rest channel.
Supports Dynamic Trunking and does not require a controller.
Connect Plus is a multi Site Network
Upto 250 sites and 15 repeaters per site
Has a fixed control channel
Supports GPS, Text Messages, and man down alerting.
Operates with Dynamic Site Assignment, so only the only voice resources you use are on the local site you are operating on (and where the other units are registered to)
Has been discontinued by Motorola and replaced by MotoTRBO Capacity Max
Fully compliant with DMR Tier III standards
A system can support up to 250 sites and 15 repeaters per site
Voice & Data communication up to 15 sites at a time plus up to 6 data revert repeaters per site
Dedicated Control Channel Time Slot per repeater
Second Control Channel may be added for added capacity
Supports GPS, Text Messages, Etc
So what information do we need when programming DMR conventional into our scanners?
A radio capable of picking up DMR
We need the Logical Channel Number (LCN) of all the frequencies on the site we want to monitor.
Usually the LCN’s are paired for each TDMA channel. Ex, Ch 1 & 2 are the same freq, Ch 3 & 4, so on and so forth.
The Talk Group
Scanners that support DMR:
If you pay for the Whistler Offical Upgrade:
GRE PSR-800, Radio Shack PRO-668, and PRO-18
Via a Free Whister Upgrade:
WS1080, WS1088, WS1095, and WS1098
Out of the Box:
Whistler TRX-1 and TRX-2
With paid upgrades:
Uniden BCD436HP, BCD536HP, SDS100, BCD325P2, BCD996P2
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Links and Sources from this session:
ETSI TS 102 361-1 v 2.4.1 https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_ts/102300_102399/10236101/02.04.01_60/ts_10236101v020401p.pdf
DMR Association https://www.dmrassociation.org/
Radio Reference Wiki: https://wiki.radioreference.com/index.php/MOTOTRBO
Motorola Connect Plus Product Brochure
Motorola Connect Plus Overview:
MotoTRBO Systems at a glance:
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